Dien Bien Phu is one of the most historically relevant sites in Vietnam. This town is where the Viet Minh troops defeated the French colonial forces on May 7, 1954. The defeat of the French in the Battle of Dien Bien Phu marked the collapse of France’s Indochina Empire. Obviously, history is what draws most tourists to the area. The battlefield sites, most of which are found west of the Nam Yum River, are frequented by many visitors. Interesting enough, most of the people who visit the town are French.
Dien Bien Phu is found in the Muong Thanh Valley. It is situated in the highlands of Northwest Vietnam, about 420 kilometres from Hanoi. Dien Bien Phu was founded in 1841when the Nguyen Dynasty wanted a fortified royal district as a response to the growing problem of banditry in the area. It served as a garrison town maintained by French troops in the 19th century. Now, Dien Bien Phu is a modern town that continues to grow.